Archive | Wilderness Survival

7 Tips For Building Survival Shelters

If you plan on building a survival shelter in the wilderness, you will need to follow several simple criteria. You may not be able to make use of every single one of them due to the various situations you may find yourself in, but the more of them that you use; the more comfortable you will end up being.

My very first shelter ended up looking quite similar to Swiss cheese. It even rained and the wind just blew right through it. Probably the single great part about it was that an endless fire was burning for me. I ended up learning a lot of lessons that day, though, so I hope you learn a lot from me.

There are seven pieces of criteria that you will need to succeed in building your wilderness survival shelter:

1. Keep It Simple!
Keep things simple. It is understandable that creative juices simply flow sometimes, but keep in mind that it could get dark and cold out very soon, so keeping things to a minimum is essential for survival. Remember that your goal is to only stay for a short while; this isn’t going to be a very long vacation.

2. Stay high
Build your shelter around seventy-five feet high from the canyon floor. Cold air tends to settle while warm air tends to rise, so you will want to say away from the bottom in order to keep yourself warm.

3. Build it small
Smaller shelters are come with an ease in building and keeping you warm.

4. Have your slopes face to the south
Slopes that face to the south will stay open, allowing the sun to warm it, while those that face to the north usually end up damp, dark and cold.

5. Build it strong
No matter what kind of emergency, it is essential to refrain from doing any harm. It wouldn’t be good if your shelter ended up falling on you; plus, it wouldn’t be very warm for you, either.

6. Make sure it is warm
Try to create a space of dead-air, so that you can trap the heat inside your shelter. You can do this by building low doors.

7. Ensure it is waterproof and windproof
If water can reach your shelter and if the wind can easily blow through it, you will never stay dry or warm. Make sure there are no holes in your shelter!

These are all of the basic wilderness survival shelter criteria you need to know. The more of them you follow, the better your shelter will be. Keep in mind that: the more shelters you build, the more professional you will get at it, so never give up!

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How To Make Improvised Outdoor Survival Clothing

Perhaps you believe you don’t have any need for learning all about clothing for survival. Perhaps you already always go hiking with spare jackets in tow. Maybe you have no plans of ever going to the wilderness for a night because you’re more of a day person. Or maybe you always bring a lot of warm clothing pieces with you whenever you go backpacking.

Either way, thousands of people still die or come extremely close to death annually due to exposure. These people probably thought they went prepared. They probably did not expect that their clothes would get wet because they fell into in a stream; they probably did not think they would have to stay outdoors overnight; they probably did not think they would ever get lost for several days.

When I was coming back down from my hike on Mount Whitney, a couple of young men dressed in t-shirts were on their own ways up, with hopes of getting to the very top. They did not have any gear with them; there was not enough time left; yet they made it up there by the time it was sunset anyway. Naturally, they had no time to make the 11-mile hike back down to their vehicle. That night, the temperature was below freezing, so I bet they were utterly uncomfortable.

What kind of clothing could these men have brought with them for survival in that particular situation? One of the men had a seemingly light jacket with him. He may have taken off his t-shirt to use on his head since that is where most of our heat is lost. He could have filled up his jacket for insulation with the help of cattail seed heads fluff.

The essential principle here would be insulation. Jackets, pants, shirts or sweaters can be stuffed with bracken ferns, milkweed down, dry leaves, or practically anything that can create tons of dead air. It would be better to have two sandwiched layers. This may turn out to be quite itchy, but that is still better than freezing to death.cargo pants

In such a predicament, you may also make use of cattail plant flat leaves to make vests which could block out the rain and the wind. You can fill bread bags with silky plant fibers or milkweed down to create warm mittens that can be tied up at the wrists. Plastic bags filled with the same things can also be tied onto your own head to make a hat.

In general, take a look at what is available to you before you go out and kill animals to make use of their skin, or make grass skirts. Sleeping bags can double up as coats; all you have to do is wrap them around you. Mittens can be made from socks and snow pants can be made from garbage bags.

Garbage bags can even end up as raincoat. Otherwise, grab grass brunches and tie them together with string or cloth strips, then wrap this around your shoulders to repel light rain. Birch bark can be used to make rain hoods, too.

When in a desert situation, sun-hats can be made out of huge palm leaves. Just string them together and wrap them around your shoulders; this can prevent sunburn.

Animal skin will generally never have to be used when it comes to clothing for survival. There are also very low chances of shoes getting lost, so you won’t have to result to gluing tree bark onto your feet for hikes, with the help of pine sap. Still, if you know how improvising works, you can create a couple of simple pieces of clothing for survival that can help give you comfort and even save your life.

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Wilderness Survival: To Kill or Not To Kill?

First and foremost, lost backpackers hardly ever have to worry about food when it comes to survival cases. Avoiding injuries, getting found, shelter and water are all more important than food. However, when you really need to start looking for food, animals happen to be a great source for protein and calories. The best way to get food would be to keep a lookout for easy animals to kill, as well as easy ways in which this can be done.

Porcupine may be prickly, but being slow in movement, they happen to be a great survival food when in the wilderness. Anybody who can walk, as well as hold sticks at the same time, is capable of hunting down a porcupine. Porcupines used to be left in peace by men in the mountains, so that they could serve as an available supply of food in the wilderness for anybody who would get hungry and lost.

Porcupines aren’t easy to kill, though; you will have to repeatedly hit them very hard. To clean porcupines, simply roll them over with the help of your stick. You have to be careful of their quills, so cut them open from the bottom. Porcupines can be skinned from the bottom, as well, and this should be done before cooking them over a small fire. A bonus is that they actually taste very good!

Fish that can be seen within shallow water are usually much easier to catch by spearing them with sharpened sticks rather than making use of baits and hooks. One other way to catch them would be by waiting with ready hands over spots that they tend to swim by, and then capture them quickly when they come closer. Tons of tiny fish can be caught in the span of two hours by doing this.

You can also catch snakes by hand. Though, if they are venomous, using a stick would be advisable. When in streams and lakes, look under rocks for crayfish, which you can boil up like little lobsters. Some birds, like quail, usually place their nesting places on the ground and if you aim well, you can kill them with a rock. Bird eggs can be eaten, too.

Turtles, insects, clams, and grubs are other foods, which you can catch by hand. Finding food shouldn’t be about hunting or showing off your skills. There are easier ways. When it comes to wilderness survival, the primary goal would be simply to gather enough calories to live.

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